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Useful Vocabulary

The following words have most often appeared on SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test).

Study tip: Read each complete entry a minimum of five (5) times, while attempting to memorize the words and the understood messages in each sentence. Also, writing your personal version of each sentence will aid in the indelible impression that each message can make. Albeit, there is certainly no more productive means of concrete vocabulary acquisition than the actual use of the terms in your daily verbal or written communiqués!

Enjoy the attached File!


abacus frame with balls for calculating       
abate to lessen to subside        
abdication giving up control authority        
aberration straying away from what is normal      
abet help/encourage smb (in doing wrong)     
abeyance suspended action          
abhor to hate to detest        
abide be faithful to endure        
abjure promise or swear to give up      
abraded rubbed off worn away by friction      
abrogate repeal or annul by authority       
abscond to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)     
abstruse difficult to comprehend obscure        
abut border on          
abysmal bottomless extreme          
acarpous effete no longer fertile worn out      
acclaimed welcomed with shouts and approval       
accolade praise approval          
accretion the growing of separate things into one     
adamant kind of stone inflexible        
admonitory containing warning          
adorn add beauty decorate         
adulteration making unpure poorer in quality       
affable polite and friendly       
affinity close connection relationship         
aggravate make worse irritate         
agile active quick-moving          
agog eager/excited         
ail trouble be ill         
alacrity eager and cheerful readiness        
alcove recess/partially enclosed place       
allegiance duty support loyalty         
alleviate make (pain) easier to bear       
alloy to debase by mixing with something inferior     
aloof reserved indifferent          
amalgamate mix combine unite societies        
ambidextrous able to use the left hand or the right equally well 
ambiguous doubtful uncertain          
ambivalent having both of two contrary meanings      
ameliorate improve make better         
amortize end (a debt) by setting aside money     
anguish severe suffering        
animosity strong dislike          
antidote medicine used against a poison or a disease    
antithetical direct opposing          
apartheid brutal racial discrimination         
aplomb self-confidence           
apostate one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions    
apotheosis deification glorification to godliness        
appease make quiet or calm        
apprehensive grasping understanding fear unhappy feeling about future     
apprise give notice to inform        
approbation approval           
apropos appropriate to the situation apt       
apt well-suited quick-witted          
arabesque a complex ornate design        
arboreal of connected with trees        
ardor enthusiasm           
arduous steep difficult ascent laborious        
argot jargon slang          
arrant in the highest degree        
arrogance proud superior manner of behaviour       
articulate speak distinctly connect by joints       
ascend go or come up        
ascertain get to know         
ascetic practicing self-denial austere stark        
ascribe consider to be the origin of or belonging to   
aseptic surgically clean        
asperity roughness harshness ill temper irritability       
aspersion slander           
assail with attack violently         
assiduous diligent hard-working sedulous         
assuage make smth (pain desire) less       
asterisk the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)      
astringent substance that shrinks         
astute clever quick at seeing to get an advantage    
atonement repayment death of Jesus        
attenuate make thin. weaken enervate        
attune bring into harmony       
audacious daring foolishly bold impudent        
augury omen sign          
august majestic venerable          
auspicious favorable successful prosperous         
austere severely moral and strict simple and plain     
auxiliary helping supporting          
aver affirm assert prove justify        
aversion strong dislike          
avid eager greedy          
avow admit. Declare openly         
baleful harmful ominous causing evil        
balk obstacle purposely to get on the way of    
baneful causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive      
barrage artificial obstacle built across a river      
barren not good enough unable to have young ones without value  
bask in enjoy warmth and light       
beatify to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to   
bedizen to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner    
belabor beat hard        
bellicose belligerent pugnacious warlike         
belligerent (person nation) waging war        
benefactor person who has given help       
benevolence wish or activity in doing good      
benign kind and gentle mild (climate)       
bequest arrangement to give smth at death      
berate scold sharply          
bereft rob or dispossess of smth (material)      
bewilder puzzle confuse          
bigot stubborn narrow-minded person         
bilge bulge the protuberance of a cask      
blandishment flattery coaxing          
blandness polite manner comforting uninteresting        
blatant noisy and rough         
blithe cheerful casual carefree         
bogus sham counterfeit not genuine        
boisterous loud noisy rough lacking restraint       
bolster give greatly needed support        
boorish crude offensive rude         
brash hasty rush cheeky saucy        
brass yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)      
brazen made of brass         
breach opening broken place breaking        
brittle easily broken          
broach bring up announce begin to talk about     
brook to tolerate endure         
buoyant able to float light-hearted        
burgeon grow forth send out buds       
burnish to polish rub to a shine      
cabal a scheme or plot a group of plotters    
cadge to beg to get by begging      
cajole use flattery or deceit to persuade    
calipers metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument    
calumny slander aspersion          
candid frank straight-forward          
cant insincere talk/jargon        
cantankerous bad-tempered/quarrelsome         
canvass discuss thoroughly sort of touting       
castigate to chastise correct by punishing       
castigation severe punishment          
catalyst substance that causes speeding up       
caustic biting sarcastic          
censure expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke     
centurion leader of a unit of 100 soldiers     
chary cautious wary          
chastened corrected punished          
chastisement punishment           
chauvinist a blindly devoted patriot        
chicanery legal trickery/false argument       
chisel steel tool for shaping materials       
churl bad-tempered person          
clamor shout complain with a lot of noise     
clientele customers         
clinch come to grips/settle conclusively      
cling to resist separation         
clot half-solid lump formed from liquid       
cloture closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting  
coagulation change to a thick and solid state   
coalescing coming together and uniting into one substance     
coax get smb to do smth by kindness     
coda passage that completes a piece of music   
coddle treat with care and tenderness       
coerce compel to force to make obedient      
coeval of the same period coexisting       
cogent strong convincing          
cogitate think deeply mediate         
cognizant being fully aware of        
colander bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water  
collusion secret agreement for a deceitful purpose      
combustion process of burning         
commemorate keep the memory of        
commodious having plenty of space for what is needed  
commuter person who travels regularly        
complaisance tending to comply obliging willingness to please     
compunction feeling of regret for one's action      
conceal hide keep secret         
conceit over-high opinion of too much pride      
conciliatory reconciling soothing comforting mollifying        
concord agreement or harmony         
concur agree in opinion happen together       
condense increase in density strength make laconic      
condone forgive           
congeal make or become stiff and solid      
conjoin to join together         
connoisseur a person with good judgement (e.g.. in art)    
connotation suggestion in addition to        
consequential pompous self important         
console give comfort or sympathy to       
conspicuous easily seen remarkable         
consternation surprise and fear dismay        
constrain compel         
constrict make tight or smaller        
consume get to the end of       
consummate perfect/make perfect/complete        
contemn to scorn or despise        
contentious argumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome        
contiguous touching neighboring near         
contrite filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing      
contumacious insubordinate rebellious          
conundrum a riddle dilemma enigma        
conviction convincing firm belief         
convoke call together summon         
convoluted complicated coiled twisted         
cordial warm and sincere         
cordon line (of police acting as a guard)     
cornucopia abundant supply        
corporeal physical of or for the body      
correlate have a mutual relation        
corroboration additional strengthening evidence         
countenance to favor or approve of       
counterfeit forgery           
countervail counterbalance           
covert disguised           
covetous eagerly desirous          
cower crouch shrink back         
coy shy/modest (esp of a girl)     
crass very great (es. stupidity)      
cravat piece of linen worn as a necktie   
craven cowardly           
crease line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket 
credulity too great a readiness to believe things     
credulous ready to believe things        
crush press lose shape subdue overwhelm       
cryptic secret with a hidden meaning       
cumbersome burdensome heavy and awkward to carry      
curmudgeon bad-tempered person          
curriculum course of study         
cursory quick hurried          
curtail make shorter then was planned       
dainty pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please       
daunt intimidate make fearful         
dawdler person who is slow waste of time     
dearth shortage           
debacle a breakup overthrow sudden disaster       
decorum propriety properness          
decree order given by authority        
decry disapprove of          
defer postpone give way (to show respect)      
deferential showing respect          
defiance open disobedience or resistance        
delineate to portray depict sketch out       
deluge great flood heavy rush of water      
demagogue person appealing not to reasons       
demur to hesitate raise objections        
denigrate blacken belittle sully defame        
denouement an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot   
deplete use until none remains        
deposition dethronement depositing          
deprave make morally bad corrupt        
deprecate protest against express disapproval of       
dereliction deserting and leaving to fall into ruins     
derision ridicule mockery deriding         
derivative unoriginal obtained from another source       
derogatory insulting tending to damage        
descry catch sight of see smth in the distance    
desiccant substance used to absorb moisture       
desuetude cessation of use disuse        
desultory aimless haphazard digressing at random       
deter discourage hinder          
detraction slandering verbal attack aspersion        
detumescence diminishing or lessening of swelling       
deviance being different in moral standards (from normal)     
dexterity skill (esp. in handling)        
diaphanous transparent gauzy          
diatribe bitter and violent attack in words      
diffidence shyness           
dilate speak comprehensively become wider large       
disallow refuse to allow or accept as a correct    
discern see with an effort but clearly      
discomfit confuse embarrass          
disconcert upset the self-possession of        
discountenance refuse to approve of        
discourse speech lecture          
discredit refuse to believe         
discreet careful/prudent         
discrete individually distinct        
disdain look on with contempt        
disencumber free from encumbrance         
disheveled untidy           
disingenuous sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning      
disinter dig up from the earth       
dislodge move force from the place occupied      
dismal sad gloomy miserable         
disparate essentially different          
disproof proof to the contrary      
dissemble speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)  
disseminate distribute (esp. ideas)         
dissent have a different opinion refuse to assent     
dissolution disintegration looseness in morals        
distraught distracted violently upset in mind       
divergence getting farther apart from a point      
divestiture taking off getting rid of giving up     
divulge make known smth secret        
doggerel trivial poorly constructed verse        
dogmatic positive certain arbitrary without room for discussion     
dolt stupid fellow          
dormant in a state of inactivity but awaiting development    
dote show much fondness center one's attention      
drawl slow way of speaking      
droll jesting         
drone male bee person who isn't self-employed      
drowsiness feeling sleepy half asleep        
dubious feeling doubt          
dud no use person smth that fails      
dulcet melodious harmonious          
dupe cheat make a fool of       
duplicity deliberate deception          
duress threats to compel smb        
dwarf person or smb much below the usual size    
dynamo a generator something that produces electric current     
earthenware dishes made of baked clay       
ebullience exuberance outburst of feeling        
ebullient overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement       
ecumenical representing the whole Christian world       
edacious voracious devouring          
eddy circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)     
edible fit to be eaten/not poisonous     
effete infertile worn out weak        
efficacy production of a desired result       
effluvia outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor 
effrontery boldness impudence arrogance         
egress way out exit         
elaborate worked out with much care in great detail    
elegy a lament a melancholy composition       
elicit draw out          
eloquence fluent speaking skillful use of language      
emaciate make thin and weak        
embellish make beautiful          
embezzle use in a wrong way for one's own benefit   
emote stir up excite         
empirical relying on experiment         
encapsulate enclose in capsule         
encomium warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric      
encumbrance burden things that get on the way of    
endearing making dear or liked        
endemic epidemic           
endorse write one's name on the back of     
enduring lasting           
enervate weaken deprive of strength attenuate       
engender cause produce give rise to       
engrave impress deeply          
engrossing taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
engulf swallow up          
enigma smth that is puzzling        
enmity hatred being an enemy        
ensign flag/badge         
entangle put into difficulties         
enthral please greatly/enslave (fig)       
entice tempt or persuade       
entreat ask earnestly          
enunciate pronounce (words)/express a theory      
enzyme catalyst           
epicurean devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)       
epistle letter           
epithet adjective           
epitome brief summary representative example a typical model     
equable steady regular          
equanimity calmness of temperament         
equilibrium state of being balanced        
equipoise equal distribution of weight equilibrium       
equivocal having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious     
equivocate try to deceive by equivocal language      
eradicate get rid of pull up by the roots    
erratic irregular in behaviour or opinion       
erudite learned scholarly          
eschew avoid         
esoteric abstruse intended only for a small circle of    
espouse marry give one's support to       
eulogy formal praise panegyric         
euphoria elation state of pleasant excitement       
euthanasia easy and painless death        
evasive tending to evade       
evince to show clearly to indicate       
evoke call up bring out        
excoriation severe criticism          
exculpate to clear from a charge of guilt     
exhaustive complete thorough          
exigency emergency an urgent situation        
exoneration set smb clear free (e.g.. from blame)     
exorbitant much too high or great       
expatiate to roam wander freely        
expedient likely to be useful for a purpose     
expiation ending expiring          
exploit brilliant achievement develop use selfishly       
expostulate argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest     
expurgate to remove obscenity purify censor       
exscind to cut out cut away       
extant still in existence         
extempore without previous thought or preparation     
extenuate reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse    
extinct no longer active         
extinguish end the existence of/wipe or put out   
extirpate to destroy exterminate cut out exscind      
extol praise highly          
extort obtain by threats violence        
extralegal outside the law         
extricable that can be freed        
extrovert cheerful person          
exuberance state of growing vigorously being full of life    
facetious humorous funny jocular         
facile easily done          
fallacious based on error         
falter waver/move in an uncertain manner     
fatuous without sense foolish self-satisfaction        
fawn young deer try to win smb's favor     
feckless lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless      
fecund fertile           
feint pretend           
felicitous apt suitably expressed well chosen apropos      
felon person guilty of murder        
ferment substance become excited         
ferocity savage cruelty          
ferret discover by searching search        
fervid showing earnest feeling         
fervor warmth of feelings earnestness        
fetid stinking         
fetter to shackle put in chains       
feud bitter quarrel over a long period of time    
fidelity loyalty accuracy          
fidget move restlessly make nervous        
figurehead carved image on the prow of a ship    
finesse delicate way of dealing with a situation     
finical too fussy about food clothing etc.      
finicky finical           
fission splitting or division (esp. of cells)      
fixate stare at          
flak criticism/anti-aircraft guns        
flamboyant brightly colored florid         
flaunting show off complacently         
flax pale yellow (hair) a plant       
fledged able to fly trained experienced       
fleet number of ships quick-moving        
flinch draw move back wince        
flop fail/move/fall clumsily        
florid very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)    
flout reject mock to go against (as in going against tradition)  
fluke lucky stroke        
fluster make nervous or confused        
foible defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)    
foil prevent from carrying out contrast       
foment put smth warm (to lessen the pain)     
foolproof incapable of failure or error     
foppish like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes 
forage food for horses and cattle     
forbear refrain from be patient ancestor       
forbearance patience willingness to wait        
ford shallow place in a river (to cross)     
forestall prevent by taking action in advance preempt     
forfeit suffer the loss of smth       
forge workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead  
forgery counterfeit           
forswear renounce disallow repudiate         
foster nurture care for         
fracas noisy quarrel        
fragile easily injured broken or destroyed       
fragrant sweet-smelling           
frantic wildly excited with joy pain anxiety      
frenetic frantic frenzied          
fret worry irritation wear away        
fringe edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead   
froward intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn    
frugal careful economical          
fulmination bitter protest          
fulsome disgusting offensive due to excessiveness       
gainsay to deny to oppose
garble make unfair selection from facts     
garment article of clothing         
garner to gather and save to store up     
garrulity talkativeness           
garrulous too talkative          
gaucherie socially awkward tactless behavior        
germane relevant pertinent to         
gist the point general sense        
glean gather facts in small quantities       
glib ready and smooth but not sincere      
glimmer weak/unsteady light        
gloat over look at with selfish delight      
glut supply to much fill to excess      
gnaw waste away bite steadily        
goad smth urging a person to action      
gorge eat greedily/narrow opening with a stream    
gossamer soft light delicate material        
gouge tool for cutting grooves in wood      
grandiloquent using pompous words       
grave serious requiring consideration         
graze touch or scrape lightly in passing    
gregarious living in societies liking the company      
grievous causing grief or pain serious dire grave     
grovel crawl humble oneself         
guile deceit cunning          
gullible easily gulled          
gush burst out suddenly/talk ardently      
gust outburst of feeling sudden rain wind fire etc.    
hack cut roughly hired horse        
halcyon calm and peaceful       
hallow to make holy consecrate        
harangue a long passionate speech        
harbinger smth or smb that foretells the coming of    
harrow to distress create stress or torment      
haughty arrogant conceited          
heed attention/give notice to       
heinous odious (of crime)         
heresy belief contrary to what is generally accepted     
hermetic sealed by fusion         
heterogeneous made up of different kinds       
hew make by hard work cut (by striking)     
highbrow (person) with superior tastes      
hirsute hairy shaggy          
hoax mischievous trick played on smb for a joke    
hoi polloi the masses the rabble       
hollow not soled with hole        
holster leather case for a pistol       
homiletics act of preaching       
hone stone used for sharpening tools       
hoodwink trick mislead          
hospitable liking to give hospitality        
hubris arrogant pride          
hush make or become silent      
husk worthless outside part of anything       
hypocrisy falsely making oneself appear to be good     
iconoclast person who attacks popular beliefs       
idiosyncrasy personal mannerism          
idolatry excessive admiration of         
idyll a carefree episode or experience       
ignoble dishonorable common undignified         
ignominious shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful        
illicit unlawful forbidden          
imbroglio complicated and embarrassing situation        
immaculate pure faultless          
imminent likely to come or happen soon      
immutable that cannot be changed        
impair worsen diminish in value        
impassive unmoved feeling no sign of passion      
impecunious having little or no money       
impede hinder get in the way of      
impediment smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)       
impending imminent being about to happen expected      
imperative urgent essential          
imperious commanding haughty arrogant         
impermeable that cannot be permeated        
imperturbable calm not capable of being excited      
impervious not allowing to pass through (of materials)     
imperviousness haughty arrogant commanding         
impetuous having sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful     
impiety lack of reverence or dutifulness       
implacable incapable of being placated unpleasable       
implicate show that smb has a share      
implicit implied though not plainly expressed       
implosion collapse bursting inward         
importune beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)      
imprecation an invocation of evil a curse      
impromptu without preparation          
impudent rash indiscreet          
impugned challenged to be doubted        
impute to attribute to a cause or source ascribe    
inadvertent not paying proper attention        
inane silly senseless          
inasmuch since because          
incense make angry          
incessant often repeated continual         
inchoate not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary      
incipient beginning         
incise engrave make a cut in       
incite stir up rouse         
inclined directing the mind in a certain direction     
incongruous out of place not in harmony or agreement    
incorrigibility cannot be cured or corrected       
incredulous skeptical unwilling to believe        
inculcate fix firmly by repetition        
incumbents official duties          
incursion a raid a sudden attack       
indefatigability not easily exhaustible tirelessness        
indelible that cannot be rubbed out       
indigence poverty           
indigenous native           
indistinct not easily heard seen clearly marked      
indolence laziness           
indomitable not easily discouraged or subdued       
indulge gratify give way to satisfy allow oneself     
indulgent inclined to indulge         
ineffable to great to be described in words     
ineluctable certain inevitable          
inept unskillful said or done at the wrong time    
ineptitude quality of being unskillful      
inferno hell         
infuriate fill with fury or rage       
infuse put pour fill         
ingenuous naive young artless frank honest sincere      
ingest take in by swallowing        
inimical harmful or friendly         
inimitable defying imitation unmatchable         
innocuous causing no harm         
inscrutable incapable of being discovered or understood      
insensible unconscious unresponsive unaffected         
insinuate suggest unpleasantly make a way for smth gently    
insipid without taste or flavor        
insouciant unconcerned carefree          
insularity narrow-mindedness isolated          
insurrection rising of people to open resistance to     
interdict prohibit forbid          
interim as an installment         
intersperse place here and there        
intransigence unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability       
intransigent uncompromising           
intrepid fearless brave undaunted         
introspection examining one's own thoughts and feelings      
inundate flood cover by overflowing        
inured accustomed to adapted         
invective abusive language curses         
inveigh to attack verbally denounce deprecate       
inveterate deep-rooted. long-established          
invincible too strong to be defeated     
involute complex           
irascible irritable easily angered         
irate angry           
ire anger           
irksome tiresome           
irresolute hesitating undecided          
irrevocable final and unalterable         
itinerate to travel from place to place to peregrinate    
jabber talk excitedly utter rapidly        
jibe gibe make fun of        
jocular meant as a joke        
judicious sound in judgment wise        
knit draw together unite firmly        
labyrinthine to entangle the state of affairs      
lachrymose causing tears tearful         
lackluster (of eyes) dull         
lament show feel great sorrow        
lassitude weariness tiredness          
latent present but not yet active developed or visible    
laudatory expressing or giving praise        
lavish giving or producing freely liberally or generously     
legacy smth handed down from ancestors       
levee formal reception/embankment        
levity lack of seriousness       
libel statement that damages reputation        
liberality free giving generosity         
libertine immoral person          
lien legal claim until a debt on it is repaid   
limn paint portray          
limp lacking strength walking unevenly        
lionize treat as a famous person     
lithe bending twisting          
loll rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)
lope move along with long strides     
loquacious talkative garrulous          
lucubrate write in scholarly fashion        
luculent easily understood lucid clear        
lugubrious mournful excessively sad         
lull become quiet or less active       
lumber move in a clumsy/noisy way     
luminary star light-giving body         
lurk be out of view ready to attack   
lustrous being bright polished         
macabre gruesome suggesting death         
macerate make or become soft by soaking in water  
machination plot scheme (esp. evil)        
maladroit tactless clumsy          
malapropism misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)   
malevolence wishing to do evil        
malign injurious speak ill of smb tell lie     
malinger to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty 
malleable yielding easily shaped moldable adapting       
manacle chains for the hands or feet      
massacre cruel killing of a large number of people    
matriculation be admitted enter a university as a student    
maudlin sentimental in a silly or tearful way     
maul hurt by rough handling      
maverick rebel nonconformist          
mellifluous sweetly flowing          
mendacity dishonesty           
mendicant a beggar          
mercurial quick changeable in character fleeting       
meretricious attractive on the surface but of little value    
mesmerize hypnotize           
meticulous giving great attention to details       
mettle quality of endurance or courage       
mettlesome courageous high-spirited          
middling fairly good but not very good      
minatory menacing threatening          
mince pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize       
misanthrope person who hates mankind        
mischievous harmful causing mischief         
miser person who loves wealth and spends little     
misogynist one who hates women/females        
moderation quality of being limited not extreme      
mollify make calmer or quieter        
molt moult lose hair feathers before new growing     
morbid diseased unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)       
morose ill-tempered unsocial          
muffler cloth worn round the neck/silencer     
multifarious varied motley greatly diversified        
mundane worldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday     
myriad very great number         
nadir lowest weakest point         
nascent coming into existence emerging        
nebulous cloud-like hazy vague indistinct        
negligent taking too little care        
neophyte person who has been converted to a belief    
nexus a connection tie or link       
nibble show some inclination to accept (an offer)     
noisome offensive disgusting (smell)         
nonchalant not having interest         
nonplused greatly surprised          
nostrum a quack remedy an untested cure      
noxious harmful           
nugatory trifling/worthless         
obdurate hardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible       
obfuscate to darken make obscure muddle       
oblivious unaware having no memory        
obloquy abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation      
obsequious too eager to obey or serve      
obstreperous noisy loud          
obtain to be established accepted or customary      
obtrusive projecting prominent undesirably noticeable        
obtuse blunt/stupid         
obviate to make unnecessary get rid of      
occluded blocked up          
odious repulsive hateful          
odium contempt dislike aversion         
odor smell favor reputation         
officious too eager or ready to help offer advice    
ominous threatening         
onerous needing effort burdensome         
opaqueness dullness/not allowing light to pass through    
opprobrious showing scorn or reproach        
ossify to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea  
ostensible seeming appearing as such professed       
ostentation display to obtain admiration or envy      
ostracism shut out from society refuse to meet talk    
overhaul examine thoroughly to learn about the condition     
overweening presumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk     
paean song of praise or triumph       
palate roof of the mouth sense of taste     
palatial magnificent           
palliate lessen the severity of        
palpability can be felt touched understood       
palpitate tremble beat rapidly and irregularly       
panegyric formal praise eulogy         
paradigm a model example or pattern       
parenthesis sentence within another one smth separated      
pariah an outcast a rejected and despised person     
parsimonious too economical miserly         
partisan one-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced    
patron regular customer person who gives support      
paucity scarcity a lacking of        
peccadillo small sin small weakness in one's character     
pedantic bookish showing off learning        
pedestrian commonplace trite unremarkable         
pellucid transparent easy to understand        
penchant strong inclination a liking        
penitent feeling or showing regret        
penurious poor/stingy         
penury extreme poverty          
peregrination traveling about wandering         
peremptory urgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate       
perfidious treacherous faithless          
perfidy treachery breaking of faith        
perfunctory done as a duty without care      
perilous dangerous           
peripatetic wandering           
perish be destroyed decay         
perjury willful FALSE statement unlawful act       
permeate spread into every part of       
pernicious harmful injurious          
perpetrate be guilty commit (a crime)       
personable pleasing in appearance attractive        
perspicacity quick judging and understanding        
pertain belong as a part have reference      
pest destructive thing or a person who is nuisance    
petrified taken away power (to think feel act)     
petrify to make hard rocklike        
petrous like a rock hard stony       
petulant unreasonably impatient          
philistine a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge    
phlegmatic calm sluggish temperament unemotional        
picaresque involving clever rogues or adventurers       
pied of mixed colors         
pinch be too tight take between the thumb and finger   
pine waste away through sorrow or illness    
pious dutiful to parents devoted to religion      
piquant agreeably pungent stimulating         
pique hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)     
pitfall covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger     
pith essential part force soft liquid substance      
pivotal of great importance (others depend on it)     
placate soothe pacify calm         
plaintive mournful melancholy sorrowful         
plaque flat metal on a wall as a memorial    
platitude a trite or banal statement unoriginality      
plea request           
plead address a court of law as an advocate    
plethora glut           
pliant pliable easily bent shaped or twisted      
plod continue doing smth without resting       
pluck pull the feathers off pick (e.g.. flowers)     
plumb get to the root of       
plummet fall plunge steeply         
plunge move quickly suddenly and with force      
poignant deeply moving keen         
poncho large piece of cloth      
ponderous heavy bulky dull         
portent omen marvelous threatening         
precarious uncertain risky dangerous         
precepts rules establishing standards of conduct       
preclude prevent make impossible         
precursory preliminary anticipating          
predilection special liking mental preference        
predominate have more power than others       
preen tidy/show self-satisfaction        
premature doing or happening smth before the right time    
preponderance greatness in number strength weight       
presage warning sign          
presumption arrogance         
preternatural not normal or usual        
prevalent common           
prevaricate to equivocate to stray from the truth     
prim neat formal          
pristine primitive unspoiled pure as in earlier times unadulterated    
probity uprightness incorruptibility principle         
proclivity inclination           
procrastination keeping on putting off        
prodigal wasteful reckless with money        
prodigious enormous wonderful          
profane worldly having contempt for God       
profligacy shameless immorality        
profligate wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant        
profundity depth           
profuse abundant/lavish         
proliferate grow reproduce by rapid multification       
prolix tiring because too long        
prone prostrate inclined to (undesirable things)       
propagation increasing the number spreading extending       
propinquity nearness in time or place affinity of nature    
propitiatory conciliatory appeasing mitigating         
propitious auspicious presenting favorable circumstances        
prosaic everyday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian       
proscribe denounce as dangerous         
protracted prolonged           
provident frugal looking to the future       
provisional of the present time only       
provoke make angry vax         
prudence careful forethought          
prudish easily shocked excessively modest        
prune dried plum silly person        
pry get smth inquire too curiously       
pucker wrinkle         
pugnacious fond of in the habit of fighting     
puissance strength         
punctilious precise paying attention to trivialities       
pundit pedant authority on a subject       
pungency sharpness stinging quality         
purvey provide supply          
pusillanimous cowardly craven          
putrefaction becoming rotten        
pyre large pile of wood for burning      
quack person dishonestly claiming to smth       
quaff drink deeply          
quail lose courage turn frightened        
qualm feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness     
quandary state of doubt or perplexity     
quell suppress subdue          
quibble try to avoid by sophistication       
quiescence state of being passive/motionless      
quiescent at rest dormant torpid        
quirk habit or action peculiar to smb or smth    
quixotic generous unselfish          
quotidian banal everyday          
rabble mob crowd the lower classes of populace     
raconteur person who tells anecdotes        
raffish low vulgar base tawdry        
ramify to be divided or subdivided to branch out    
rancorous feeling bitterness spitefulness         
rant use extravagant language         
rapacious greedy (esp for money)        
rarefy to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine 
rave act with excessive enthusiasm      
reactionary opposing progress          
rebuff snub           
recalcitrant disobedient           
recant take back as being FALSE give up     
recast cast or fashion anew        
recidivism relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior      
reciprocity granting of privileges in return for similar     
recitals a number of performance of music      
recluse person who lives alone and avoids people     
recompense make payment to reward punish       
reconcile settle a quarrel restore peace       
recondite little known abstruse         
recreancy cowardice a cowardly giving up       
recuperate become strong after illness loss exhaustion      
redeem get back by payment compensate       
redoubtable formidable causing fear         
refine make or become pure cultural       
refractory stubborn unmanageable untractable         
refulgent shining brilliant          
regale to delight or entertain to feast      
regicide crime of killing a king       
reiterate say or do again several times      
rejuvenation becoming young in nature or appearance      
relapse fall back again         
remonstrate to protest object         
render deliver provide represent         
renovate restore smth to better condition       
renowned celebrated famous          
repast meal           
repel refuse to accept/cause dislike      
repine at be discontented with        
reproach scold upbraid          
reprobate person hardened in sin one devoid of decency    
repudiate disown refuse to accept or pay      
repulsive causing a feeling of disgust       
requite repay give in return        
rescind repeal/annul/cancel         
resigned unresisting submissive          
resilience quality of quickly recovering the original shape     
resort to frequently visit         
restive refusing to move reluctant to be controlled     
resuscitation coming back to consciousness        
retard check hinder          
reticent reserved untalkative silent taciturn        
revere have deep respect for        
reverent feeling or showing deep respect     
riddle puzzling person or thing      
rift split crack dissension         
rivet fix take up secure metal pin      
roll call calling of names        
rotund rich and deep plump and round      
ruffian violent cruel man         
rumple make rough        
sagacious having sound judgment perceptive wise like a sage    
salacious obscene           
salubrious healthful           
salutary remedial wholesome causing improvement        
sanctimony self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety       
sanction approval (by authority) penalty        
sanguine cheerful confident optimistic         
sanity health of mind soundness of judgement      
sash long strip worn round the waist    
satiate satisfy fully          
saturnine gloomy dark sullen morose        
savant person of great learning        
savor taste flavor smth         
sawdust tiny bits of wood        
scabbard sheath for the blade        
scent smell (esp pleasant)         
scorch become discolored/dry up/go at high speed    
scribble write hastily          
scurvy mean contemptible          
secular material (not spiritual) living outside monasteries      
sedulous persevering           
seminal like a seed constituting a source originative     
sententious short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs      
sequence succession connected line of        
sere make hard and without feeling     
sermon reproving a person for his faults    
serrated having a toothed edge        
serration having a toothed edge        
servile like a slave lacking independence       
sever break off        
severance severing           
shallow little depth not earnest        
shard piece of broken earthenware        
sheath cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool  
shrewd astute showing sound judgement        
shrill sharp piercing          
shun keep away from avoid        
shunt send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion  
sidestep step to one side        
simper (give a) silly/self-conscious smile      
sinuous winding undulating serpentine         
skiff small boat          
skit short piece of humorous writing       
slack sluggish dull not tight        
slake to assuage to satisfy allay       
slate king of blue-grey stone propose criticize      
sluggard lazy slow-moving person         
slur join sounds/words (indistinct)       
smolder burn slowly without flame      
snare trap         
snub treat with contempt       
soar rise fly high         
sober self-controlled           
sobriety quality or condition of being sober      
sodden soaked saturated          
soggy heavy with water         
solvent of the power of forming a solution     
somatic of the body         
soot black powder in smoke        
sophisticated complex subtle refined         
sophistry fallacious reasoning faulty logic        
sophomoric self-assured though immature affected bombastic overblown      
soporific producing sleep        
sordid wretched comfortless contemptible         
spear weapon with a metal point on a long shaft   
specious illogical of questionable truth or merit      
splenetic bad-tempered irritable          
splice join (two ends)         
sponge porous rubber for washing live at once expense    
spurious FALSE counterfeit          
spurn have nothing to do reject or refuse     
squalid foul filthy          
squander spend wastefully          
squat crouch/settle without permission       
stanch to stop the flow of a fluid     
steeply rising or falling sharply        
stentorian extremely loud and powerful        
stickler person who insists on importance of smth     
stigma mark of shame or disgrace       
stigmatize describe smb scornfully         
sting smth sharp          
stingy spending using unwillingly         
stint to be thrifty to set limits      
stipple paint with dots       
stipulate state or put forward as a necessary condition    
stolid showing no emotion impassive        
stray wander lose one's way        
streak long thin move very fast       
striated striped grooved or banded        
stride walk with long steps        
strut a supporting bar         
stygian hence dark gloomy         
stymie to hinder obstruct or block       
subdue overcome bring under control        
sublime extreme astounding          
submerge put under water liquid sink out of sight    
suborn induce by bribery or smth to commit perjury    
subpoena written order requiring a person to appear in a low court 
substantiation giving facts to support (statement)     
subsume include under a rule        
succor assistance relief in time of distress      
suffice be enough          
suffocate cause or have difficulty in breathing    
sullied to be stained or discredited       
summarily briefly without delay         
sumptuous magnificent           
sundry various miscellaneous separate         
supercilious disdainful characterized by haughty scorn       
superfluous more then is needed or wanted      
superimpose put smth on the top       
supersede take the place of        
supine lying on the back slow to act passive    
suppliant asking humbly beseeching         
supplicate make a humble petition to       
suppress prevent from being known put an end to    
surcharge additional load/charge        
surfeit satiate feed to fulness or to excess     
susceptibility sensitiveness           
swerve change direction suddenly       
sycophant person who flatter to the rich and powerful    
synopsis summary or outline         
taciturn untalkative silent          
tadpole form of a frog when it leaves the egg 
talon claw of a bird of prey      
tamp tap or drive down by repeated light blows    
tamper interfere with          
tangential suddenly changeable          
tarnished lost brightness          
tassel bunch of threads       
taunt contemptuous reproach hurtful remark        
taut tightly stretched          
tautology a repetition a redundancy        
tawdry cheap gaudy showy tacky        
teetotal oppose to alcohol         
temerity boldness brashness intrepidness         
temperance abstinence from alcohol self-control moderation       
temperate showing self-control          
tenacity firmness persistency adhesiveness tending to hang on     
tenuous insubstantial flimsy weak         
tepid lukewarm         
terse brief and to the point       
testiness witness/evidence         
thrift care economy thriving prosperous        
thwart obstruct/frustrate         
timid shy easily frightened         
timorous fearful timid afraid         
toady obsequious flatterer        
tonic smth giving strength or energy       
topple be unsteady and overturn        
torment severe pain or suffering        
torpid sleeping sluggish lethargic dormant        
torque twisting force causing rotation      
tortuous devious/not straightforward        
tout person who worries others to buy smth to use his service 
tractable easily controlled or guided        
transgress break go beyond (a limit)       
transient temporary fleeting          
transitory brief           
travesty parody/imitation         
trenchant forceful effective vigorous extremely perceptive incisive      
trepidation alarm excited state of mind       
trickle flow in drops       
trifling unimportant           
trite not new          
truce (agreement) stop of fighting for a time   
truculence aggressiveness ferocity          
trudge walk heavily          
turbid muddy having the sediment stirred up      
turbulence being uncontrolled violent         
turgid excessively ornate swollen or bloated       
turmoil trouble disturbance          
turpitude wickedness shamefulness          
turquoise greenish-blue precious stone       
tyro tiro beginner          
ubiquitous present everywhere        
ulterior situated beyond          
umbrage offense resentment          
uncouth rough awkward          
underbid make a lower bid then smb else     
undermine weaken gradually at the base make smth under    
undulate to move in wavelike fashion fluctuate      
unearth discover and bring to light     
unencumbered easy-going trifle          
unfeigned not pretended sincere         
unscathed unharmed unhurt          
untoward unfortunate inconvenient          
upbraid scold reproach          
urbane elegant refined in manners        
vacillation being uncertain hesitating         
vagary strange act or idea        
vain without use result conceited        
valiant brave           
valorous brave           
vanquish conquer           
veer change direction          
venal ready to do smth dishonest       
veneer surface appearance covering the TRUE nature      
veneration regard with deep respect        
veracity truth           
verdant fresh and green       
verisimilitude appearing TRUE or real        
veritable real rightly named         
verve spirit vigor enthusiasm         
vestige trace or sign       
vex annoy distress trouble         
vigilance watchfulness self-appointed group who maintain order      
vigilant member of a vigilance committee       
vigorous strong energetic          
vilify slander say evil things        
vindictive having a desire to revenge       
virago a loud domineering woman a scold or nag    
visceral of the internal organs of the body     
viscous sticky/semi-fluid         
vitiate lower the quality weaken the strength      
vituperate curse abuse in words        
vivacious lively high-spirited          
volatile changeable inconstant fickle unstable explosive       
volubility fluency verbosity easy use of spoken language     
voluble fluent           
waffle talk vaguely and without much result    
waft scent waving movement carry lightly through      
wag merry person          
warmonger person who stirs up war       
warrant authority written order guarantee        
wean to turn away (from a habit)    
weigh measure hoe heavy smth is       
welter turmoil a bewildering jumble        
wend to go proceed         
whimsical full of odd and fanciful ideas      
wince show bodily or mental pain       
woo try to win         
writ written order        
yarn tale story fibers for knitting       

Directorate of Career Services,
Apr 21, 2018, 5:01 PM